The adoption of artificial Intelligence in healthcare is on the rise and solving a variety of problems for patients, hospitals and the healthcare industry overall. Take a closer look at how AI is solving problems and what's on the horizon for the industry in the next 5 years.
There are important distinctions between AI and machine learning. "AI is basically getting computers to behave in a smart manner," said Zeeshan Syed, director of the clinical inference and algorithms program at Stanford Health Care. "You can do that either through curated knowledge or through machine learning."
Prosthetic limbs have changed very little in the past 100 years, according to doctors familiar with prosthetics. But a new bionic hand developed at Newcastle University in the United Kingdom has the potential to change that. The bionic hand is fitted with a camera which instantaneously takes a picture of the object in front of it, assesses its shape and size and triggers a series of movements in the hand. The project, described in the Journal of Neural Engineering this week, is led by biomedical engineers at Newcastle University and it is funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council.
Researchers are training artificial intelligence to identify tuberculosis on chest X-rays, an initiative that could help screening and evaluation efforts in TB-prevalent areas lacking access to radiologists. The findings are part of a study published online in the journal Radiology.
Incorporating Watson artificial intelligence and analytics into the post-traumatic stress disorder treatment program helped achieve a 73 percent psychotherapy completion rate among veterans with PTSD, IBM Watson and Tiatros announced this week. Fewer than 10 percent of veterans with PTSD normally complete a treatment program within a year of being diagnosed, but as many as 80 percent can recover when they do so, according to published Veterans Affairs statistics. VA findings also suggest that one in five of the 3 million veterans of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars suffer from PTSD.
Nuance Communications and Epic are partnering to integrate the artificial intelligence capabilities of Nuance's computer-assisted physician documentation tool into the Epic NoteReader module for clinical documentation improvement. Epic President Carl Dvorak explained that embedding the CAPD tool within Epic, the companies said physicians can get feedback at the point of care as provider organizations work to improve severity-adjusted quality scores and better understand reimbursement and risk adjustment factors to improve care management.
IBM Watson Health and Israel-based MedyMatch Technology are joining their AI forces in hospital emergency rooms to help doctors detect intracranial bleeding resulting from head trauma and stroke. The MedyMatch algorithm uses deep learning, machine vision, patient data and clinical insights to automatically highlight for a physician areas that might indicate the potential presence of cerebral bleeds.