By choosing Wisconsin Rep. Paul Ryan to be his running mate, presumptive GOP presidential nominee Mitt Romney put Medicare on the table as a major 2012 campaign issue.
Ryan, who has served as House Budget Committee chairman since the Republicans took control of the House of Representatives in 2011, has advanced plans to control federal spending by restructuring Medicare, the health insurance program for the elderly, Medicaid, the federal-state health insurance program for low-income and disabled people, and other entitlement programs.
But during his seven terms in Congress, Ryan has amassed a portfolio of health policy positions beyond these plans, which have won him widespread support from Republicans and equally widespread denunciations from Democrats. Kaiser Health News has assembled this resource to show how these positions have taken shape.
On reform philosophy, Ryan:
- Supports repeal of much of the 2010 health law, including the Independent Payment Advisory Board, Medicaid expansion, subsidies and the individual mandate. However, his House-passed budget plan included many of the Medicare trims that are now hot-button items in the campaign. Ryan has said that those Medicare cuts, totaling $716 billion, are included in his budget because they are part of the budgetary baseline. [See also: Obamaneycare: Trotskyite takeover or big company bail out.]
- Throughout his career and most recently in the Roadmap for America’s Future, supported market-based reforms such as interstate insurance purchasing and the creation of association health plans, as well as efforts to decouple health coverage from the workplace, including removing tax incentives for employer-sponsored insurance and providing tax credits to individuals to purchase their own insurance.
- Backed a 2009 proposal – the Patients’ Choice Act – which emphasized proposals such as health promotion and disease prevention and included, among other provisions, state-based health exchanges, protections against pre-existing condition exclusions as well as insurance denials based on age or health status, and expanded health savings accounts.
In the health care marketplace, Ryan:
- Supports medical liability reforms that cap non-economic damages and assisting states in establishing "solutions to medical tort litigation."
- Consistently supported proposals to allow the reimportation of prescription drugs.
On Medicare and aging, Ryan: