[See also: Data sharing with Epic tough task]
One of the biggest knocks agains the Verona, Wis.-based behemoth, of course, is that its proprietary software does not play well with others.
"While Epic preaches interoperability, it practices non-interoperability and vendor lock," Edmund Billings, MD, chief executive officer of rival Medsphere Systems, developer of the OpenVista EHR, charged earlier this year.
[See also: Epic holdout questions install craze]
Speaking to the policy committee's interoperability and HIE governance subgroup this past Friday, Dvorak argued for a more inclusive definition that would "open up the interoperability topic slightly more broadly."
While discussion of data exchange usually focuses on more narrow use cases of patient summary document exchange, he said, "one thing people don't often count at this moment is the kinds of interoperability between systems within a healthcare system, or these high-speed, high-volume feeds off to HIEs.
Epic has strong support for "standard HL7 traditional interfaces," said Dvorak, as well as other transaction types such as NCPDP and ANSI X12, enabling "about 20 billion data transactions per year, over 12,000 different interfaces across our 320 customers, to about 600 other vendor systems -- including 88 public health agencies, 18 research societies, 51 immunization registries across 46 states and 17 research registries."
As for meaningful use, "specificically we support the Direct protocol, which is reasonable for planned transitions of care."
That "is clearly better than nothing," he said, but it's just as clearly inadequate for unplanned transitions such as ED visits. For those, "we support Healtheway exchange standards -- the Connect or NwHIN standards; we think both are vital for solving interoperability in the country," said Dvorak.
More generally, he pointed out that Epic's Care Everywhere technology enables the exchange of 480,000 consolidated clinical document architecture, or C-CDA, documents each month with products built by other vendors – and that number is on the rise: more than double the amount that changed hands as of January 2014.
That exchange ecosystem "includes about 900 hospitals, 20,000 clinics, with another 85 hospitals and 3,000 clinics coming online in the coming year," said Dvorak.
"We connect to 26 other vendors systems, 21 HIEs, 29 HISPs and 28 eHealth Exchange members," with 20 more coming online soon, he said.