Forty-two indicators are examined to arrive at the scores, measuring rates of children or adults who are uninsured, hospital patients who get information about how to handle their recovery at home, hospital admissions for children with asthma and breast and colorectal cancer deaths, among many others.
The Commonwealth Fund notes that more states improved than worsened.
The top states? Minnesota, Vermont, Hawaii, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Hampshire and Rhode Island. (Those states were also leaders in the previous scorecard.)
Louisiana, Tennessee, Kentucky and Oklahoma ranked in the bottom quartiles, but they were among those that improved on the greatest number of indicators.
Other key findings:
- There are wide variations in performance, with up to an eightfold difference between top- and bottom-ranked states.
- National attention may be encouraging better quality of care in hospitals and home health care settings and to more appropriate medication use in nursing homes and doctor's offices. However, declining rates of preventive care in several states signal the need for greater attention to prevention
- Reductions in hospital readmissions accelerated in 2012, when the federal government began financially penalizing hospitals with high rates of readmissions. Rates of potentially preventable admissions to the hospital continued to fall in several states. In recent years, health care spending growth moderated for Medicare beneficiaries across states, while premiums for employer-sponsored health plans continued to rise.