AHRQ project cuts bloodstream infection in ICU by 40 percent
A nationwide patient safety project funded by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) reduced the rate of central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) in intensive care units by 40 percent, according to the agency's preliminary findings.
The project, billed as one of the largest one to date, used the Comprehensive Unit-based Safety Program (CUSP) to achieve its results that include preventing more than 2,000 CLABSIs, saving more than 500 lives and avoiding more than $34 million in healthcare costs, according to AHRQ.
The agency and key project partners from the American Hospital Association (AHA) and Johns Hopkins Medicine discussed these dramatic findings at the AHRQ annual conference Sept. 10 in Bethesda, Md., and introduced the CUSP toolkit that helped hospitals accomplish this marked reduction. Efforts to reduce healthcare acquired infections (HAIs), such as central-line infections, often employ health information technology, along with other tools to achieve their goals.
HAIs are a common complication of hospital care, affecting one in 20 hospital patients.
“CUSP shows us that with the right tools and resources, safety problems like these deadly infections can be prevented,” said AHRQ Director Carolyn M. Clancy, MD. “This project gives us a framework for taking research to scale in practical ways that help front-line clinicians provide the safest care possible for their patients.”
The national project involved hospital teams at more than 1,100 adult intensive care units (ICUs) in 44 states over a four-year period. Preliminary findings indicate that hospitals participating in this project reduced the rate of CLABSIs nationally from 1.903 infections per 1,000 central line days to 1.137 infections per 1,000 line days, an overall reduction of 40 percent.
The CUSP is a customizable program that helps hospital units address the foundation of how clinical teams care for patients. It combines clinical best practices with an understanding of the science of safety, improved safety culture, and an increased focus on teamwork. Based on the experiences gained in this project, the CUSP toolkit helps doctors, nurses, and other members of the clinical team understand how to identify safety problems and gives them the tools to tackle these problems that threaten the safety of their patients. It includes teaching tools and resources to support implementation at the unit level.
The first broad-scale application of CUSP was in Michigan, under the leadership of the Michigan Health & Hospital Association, where it was used to significantly reduce CLABSIs in that state. CUSP was expanded to 10 states and then nationally through an AHRQ contract to the Health Research & Educational Trust, the research arm of the AHA.