2014 health IT venture funds fly high
Venture capital funding in the healthcare IT sector more than doubled in 2014, coming in at $4.7 billion across 670 deals, according to Mercom Capital Group. The number compares to $2.2 billion across 571 deals in 2013.
[See also: Health IT banks record VC cash in 2013.]
VC funding increased in the fourth quarter of 2014, with $1.2 billion in 134 deals, compared to $956 million in 212 deals for the third quarter of 2014.
The sector also brought in $2.1 billion in debt and public market financing, including six IPOs, bringing the total corporate funding raised in the sector in 2014 to almost $7 billion.
"The healthcare IT sector, in the five years since we started tracking funding data, raised $8.8 billion in VC funding and another $3.6 billion in public market and debt financings bringing the total to $12.4 billion – largely driven by the HITECH and Affordable Care Act," said Raj Prabhu, CEO and co-founder of Mercom Capital Group, in a news release that detailed the findings. "However, the enthusiasm in the sector shown by the VC community was not quite matched by the public markets when you look at market performance of companies that went the IPO route in 2014."
Practice-centric companies raised $2.4 billion in 234 deals for 2014, including clinical decision support companies with $517 million, followed by data analytics companies with $367 million and population health management companies with $247 million.
Consumer-centric companies raised $2.3 billion in 436 deals. Mobile health companies were the largest recipient of venture cash, bringing in $1.2 billion. And within mHealth, the lion's share of funding, or $526 million, went to wearables and mHealth apps, with $507 million. Telehealth companies received $369 million. Rating and comparison shopping companies brought in $288 million.
Technology areas with significant year-over-year growth:
- mHealth apps: 341 percent
- Telehealth: 297 percent
- Rating and comparison shopping: 216 percent
- Data analytics: 146 percent
- Wearables: 136 percent
- NantHealth is at the top. It brought in $320 million and $135 million in two separate deals;
- Flatiron Health raised $130 million;
- Alignment Healthcare raised $125 million.
- Proteus Digital Health brought in $172 million for 2014;
- Dedalus Group raised $89 million;
- American Well brought in $81 million.
A total of 732 investors were involved in funding rounds for healthcare IT companies in 2014. The top VC investors were Khosla Ventures and The Social+Capital Partnership with nine deals each, followed by Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers and Sequoia Capital with seven deals each.
Top investors in the sector from the past five years were Khosla Ventures with 21 deals; The Social+Capital Partnership with 18; Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers with 17; Sequoia Capital with 12 and Andreessen Horowitz with 10 deals.
There were 120 accelerator and incubator deals in 2014 compared with 139 in 2013. Top accelerator/incubator seed investors were Blueprint Health, Rock Health, Y Combinator, DreamIt Ventures, Sprint Accelerator, The Iron Yard and XLerate Health.
A record 29 countries participated in Healthcare IT VC funding activity this year. In the United States, California led Healthcare IT fundraising with 174 deals followed by New York with 50, Massachusetts with 33, Florida with 22, and Texas with 21.
Mergers and acquisitions
There were 219 M&A transactions in the healthcare IT sector in 2014 compared with 165 transactions in 2013, with 21 companies making multiple transactions during the year.
"Most of the M&A activity has been around larger, more established practice-focused companies," Prabhu said. "Even though mobile health related apps and wearables are getting significant funding, we have not seen a game-changing Instagram or WhatsApp-type transaction yet in the sector."
Revenue cycle management companies led M&A activity with 28 transactions followed by practice management with 24 and mobile health with 21.
In the past five years, 121 companies have made multiple acquisitions including IMS Health with eight; CompuGroup Medical, Emdeon, iMedx and Quality Systems with seven each; and both McKesson and PracticeMax with six companies apiece. Cerner, GE Healthcare, Nuance Communications and The Advisory Board Company each acquired five companies.
The top disclosed M&A transactions included the $4.4 billion acquisition of MultiPlan by Starr Investment Holdings and Partners Group; the acquisition of TriZetto by Cognizant for $2.7 billion; and the $1.3 billion acquisition of Siemens' health information technology business unit, Siemens Health Services, by Cerner. This was followed by Vista Equity Partners' acquisition of Advanced Computer Software for $1.14 billion and the $550 million acquisition of ABILITY Network by Summit Partners.
There were six healthcare IT IPOs in 2014, raising a total of $1.8 billion. IMS Health raised $1.3 billion, followed by Castlight Health with $204 million, Everyday Health with $100 million, Orion Health with $98 million, Imprivata with $86 million and Connecture with $53 million.