URAC, formerly known as the Utilization Review Accreditation Commission, is a nonprofit health care accreditation organization. Offering a range of quality benchmarking programs and services, URAC accredits many types of health care organizations including health plans (HMOs, PPOs, etc.), health care management organizations, and health websites. The review process is often two-fold, consisting of a review of policies and procedures and an onsite visit to the applicant organization to determine that it is, in fact, operating according to its stated policies. Once approved, the organization must go through the review process every two to three years to maintain its accredited status.