The Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act, enacted as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, was signed into law in February 2009. It promotes the adoption and meaningful use of health information technology. Subtitle D of the HITECH Act addresses the privacy and security concerns associated with the electronic transmission of health information, partly through several provisions that strengthen the civil and criminal enforcement of the HIPAA rules.
The act stipulates that, as of 2011, healthcare providers will be offered financial incentives for demonstrating meaningful use of electronic health records (EHRs). Incentives will be offered until 2015. After that point, penalties may be charged for failing to demonstrate such use. The act also established grants for training centers for the personnel required to support a health IT infrastructure.